Intelligence is defined as the ability to perceive knowledge and skills and apply it in the real world. However, intelligence is a broad term and is associated with many factors.
To understand intelligence better, it was broken down into 9 categories as a theory by Howard Gardner in a book called Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences.
The opinion on intelligence being hereditary seems to be divided. Some believe it to be true while some do not.
According to the Genetics Home Reference, intelligence does actually transfer hereditary but there are other factors in the play too. Besides being genetically transferred, intelligence also depends upon environmental factors.
According to various studies, it was suggested and estimated that 50% of intelligence is hereditary, meaning, it transfers from parents to kids, and the rest is acquired and depends on factors such as parenting, nutrition, education, learning resources etc.
The purpose of an IQ test is to measure the mental abilities of an individual. Those with a high IQ scores are considered to be smarter than the average. These scores can also be used to compare two or more people on intelligence.
The Intelligence Quotient, more commonly known as an IQ, is a number associated with a person’s perceived cognitive abilities as compared to the general population. Generally speaking, an IQ test (like this one inspired from Raven’s matrices) is designed to measure an individual’s ability to understand concepts and solve problems. IQ tests require participants to use deductive reasoning and problem-solving skills, perceive relationships, and find, store, and recall information.
Around me, a lot of people confuse IQ with intelligence and vice versa. The truth is that they are quite different from each other. I’d say that if IQ and intelligence were to be defined in single words, they’d fit well for ’quantity’ and ’quality’.
In simple words, IQ (Intelligence Quotient) is a way to measure intelligence by conducting IQ tests, measuring the amount of knowledge, hence quantity. While Intelligence is a much more vast term which involves the ability of a person to adapt to a specific situation and grasp skills, hence the quality. However, still, there is a fine connection between the two.
Let’s dive into the details now.